Last week, we shared with you some statistics provided to us by the Department of Transportation (DOTr) and the Land Transportation Office (LTO). The numbers painted a very grim picture of the state of drunk driving in the Philippines: Only a total of 101 violators of the Anti-Drunk Driving Law were apprehended in the first half of 2018.
This is literally a matter of life and death. So with that in mind, we ask: Is anything more being done to address this problem?
Apparently, the answer is yes. Concerned authorities are handing out anti-drunk driving flyers at popular drinking spots.
This one was handed to a colleague of ours last week in Tomas Morato. It's a flyer with pretty straightforward information, including the basics of Republic Act 10586 (the Anti-Drunk Driving Law). There's a breakdown of the field sobriety test performed on suspected drunk drivers, the fines and penalties for driving under the influence, as well as the different levels of blood alcohol concentration. Here's what's inside:
The field sobriety test:
1) The Eye Test: The officer looks for involuntary jerking of the eyes as the suspect gazes from side to side.
2) The Walk-and-Turn: The suspect must walk "heel-to-toe" for nine steps, turn, and walk back to the starting point.
3) The One-Leg Stand: The suspect must stand with one leg six inches off the ground for 30 seconds.
Fines and penalties:
1) Violation results in no injury or homicide: Three months imprisonment and a P20,000 to P80,000 fine.
2) Violation results in injuries: Penalties indicated in Article 263 of the Revised Penal Code (whichever is higher) and a P100,000 to P200,000 fine.
3) Violation results in homicide: Penalty provided in Article 249 of the Revised Penal Code and a P300,000 to P500,000 fine.
For non-professional driver's license holders:
1) First conviction: Confiscation and suspension of license for one year.
2) Second conviction: Revocation of driver's license.
For professional driver's license holders:
1) First conviction: Confiscation and perpetual revocation of driver's license.
Blood Alcohol Concentration:
1) .00-.05 (buzz zone): Euphoria, feelings of relaxation, loss of shyness, somewhat impaired judgement.
2) .06-.11 (drunk zone): Impaired reaction time and muscle control, mood swings, impaired sexual performance. The legal limit is 0.08.
3) .12-.15 (elevated risk zone): Vomiting likely, risk of injury, very poor decision making.
4) .15-.25 (high risk zone): Blackout likely, loss of consciousness is possible, risk of choking on vomit.
5) .25+ (medical emergency): Loss of consciousness, loss or slowing of involuntary reflexes, death. A .45 BAC is fatal in 50% of the population.
It's an informative piece of paper, no doubt. The question is, are authorities capable of enforcing any of these laws and regulations?
Has anyone else here been handed a similar flyer?